• Clare O'Beara

Dublin Array Windfarm

Updated: Apr 27

Progressive Power or a danger to birds?


Click on photo for link to article. This will need to load.

In Brief:


The proposed offshore Dublin Array windfarm, a billion euro project, would generate clean power for the capital – what could be greener? Naturalists are concerned, however, about the potential for bird deaths as migrating birds flock to winter in Dublin, Wicklow and Wexford. I attended the recent public display and consultation, held virtually.

Original video included with interview content from author Ryan Mizzen.

· The case for wind energy

· VR display and public consultation

· Impact on birdlife

· Public survey

· My feedback to Dublin Array

· Protected areas for nature

· Technical issues

· Opinions matter


Quick look:



Podcast version below.


Protected Areas for nature
.pdf
Download PDF • 3.09MB


References for article.


Ahlstrom, D. (2008). Ireland could be energy independent in under a decade – expert. The Irish Times. [Online]. 3 December, 2008. Available from:

https://www.irishtimes.com/news/ireland-could-be-energy-independent-in-under-a-decade-expert-1.918086

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


American Physical Society. (2020). Supersized wind turbines generate clean energy—and surprising physics. Phys.org. 4 November, 2020. Available from:

https://phys.org/news/2020-11-supersized-turbines-energyand-physics.html?utm_source=nwletter&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=daily-nwletter

[Accessed 4 November, 2020].


An Taisce. (2019). Biomass burning is a climate cul de sac. 16 December, 2019. Available from:

https://www.antaisce.org/news/biomass-burning-is-a-climate-cul-de-sac

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Baerwald, E.F., D’Amours, G.H., Klug, B.J., Barclay, R.M.R. (2008). Barotrauma is a significant cause of bat fatalities at wind turbines. Current Biology. Volume 18, Issue 16, Pages R695-R696. 26 August 2008. Available from:

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982208007513

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


BirdWatch Ireland. (2021). Whooper Swan numbers in Ireland increase in new census results. 10 February, 2021. Available from:

https://birdwatchireland.ie/whooper-swan-numbers-in-ireland-increase-in-new-census-results/

[Accessed 5 March, 2021.]

Ibid. (2021). Irish Wetland Bird Survey. Available from:

https://birdwatchireland.ie/our-work/surveys-research/research-surveys/irish-wetland-bird-survey/

[Accessed 5 March, 2021.]

Ibid. (2021). Mute swan. Available from:

https://birdwatchireland.ie/birds/mute-swan/

[Accessed 5 March, 2021.]


Blasi, A. n.d. Home. [LinkedIn page]. [LinkedIn]. Available from:

https://www.linkedin.com/in/alessandro-blasi-6579a66/

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].

Ibid. (2020). How big is the biggest offshore wind💨 turbine? #Technology has made unbelievable progress since its start... it was 1991… [Post]. [LinkedIn]. 5 December, 2020.

Available from:

https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn%3Ali%3Aactivity%3A6741018534714888192/?commentUrn=urn%3Ali%3Acomment%3A%28activity%3A6741018534714888192%2C6741023833458782208%29&midToken=AQHZ0i6lRmmkMA&midSig=3D6JjZpH-TOpw1&trk=eml-email_notification_single_also_commented_on_this_01-notifications-1-hero%7Ecard%7Efeed&trkEmail=eml-email_notification_single_also_commented_on_this_01-notifications-1-hero%7Ecard%7Efeed-null-449upu%7Ekifs50ec%7Ezi-null-voyagerOffline [Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Bleeg, J., Purcell, M., Ruisi, R., Traiger, E. (2018). Wind Farm Blockage and the Consequences of Neglecting Its Impact on Energy Production. Abstract. MDPI.com. Energies. 20 June, 2018. Available from:

https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/11/6/1609/pdf

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Bowers, S. (2019). Curlew in danger of extinction in Ireland, says conservationist. The Irish Times. [Online]. 27 September, 2019. Available from:

https://www.irishtimes.com/news/environment/curlew-in-danger-of-extinction-in-ireland-says-conservationist-1.4032634

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). (2014). Sea bird halts London Array wind farm expansion. [Online]. 19 February 2014. Available from:

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-26258271

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].

Ibid. (2020). Donegal: Anglers warn of peat landslide pollution threat. [Online]. 16 November, 2020. Available from:

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-northern-ireland-foyle-west-54958160

[Accessed 17 April, 2021.]


Celermajer, D. (2020). Omnicide: Who is responsible for the gravest of all crimes? ABC.net. [Online]. 30 December, 2020. Available from:

https://www.abc.net.au/religion/danielle-celermajer-omnicide-gravest-of-all-crimes/11838534

[Accessed 5 March, 2021.]


Central Statistics Office. (2017). Census of Population 2016 - Profile 2 Population Distribution and Movements. Available from:

https://www.cso.ie/en/releasesandpublications/ep/p-cp2tc/cp2pdm/

[Accessed 5 March, 2021.]


Costa News. (2021). Storm brews over Costa windfarm. [Online]. 26 January, 2021. Available from:

https://www.costa-news.com/costa-blanca-news/storm-brews-over-costa-windfarm/

[Accessed 26 January, 2021.]


Covanta Holding Corporation. (2019). Dublin waste to energy. Available from:

https://www.dublinwastetoenergy.ie/

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


De Lucas, M., Janss, G., Ferrer, M. (2004). The effects of a wind farm on birds in a migration point: The Strait of Gibraltar. P. 405, Biodiversity and Conservation. Vol. 13. 1 February, 2004. Available from:

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/226259311_The_effects_of_a_wind_farm_on_birds_in_a_migration_point_The_Strait_of_Gibraltar

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Department of the Environment, Climate and Communications. (2021). Climate Action Plan 2019. [Online]. Available from:

https://www.gov.ie/en/publication/ccb2e0-the-climate-action-plan-2019/

[Accessed 5 March, 2021.]


DOLL Fahrzeugbau. (2019). DOLL Wind Blade Transportation – With self-steering trailer (up to 120 m blade length)). Available from:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5aPXuap0LZw

[Accessed 5 March, 2021.]


Dublin City Council. (2021). North Bull Island. Available from:

https://www.dublincity.ie/residential/parks/dublin-city-parks/visit-park/north-bull-island [Accessed 5 March, 2021.]

Ibid. (2020). Father Collins Park. Available from:

https://www.dublincity.ie/residential/parks/dublin-city-parks/visit-park/father-collins-park

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Equinor. (2017). World’s first floating wind farm has started production. 18 October, 2017. Available from:

https://www.equinor.com/en/news/worlds-first-floating-wind-farm-started-production.html

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Erickson, W.P., Johnson, G.D., Strickland, M.D., Young, D.P.Jr., Sernka, K.J., Good, R.E. (2001). Avian Collisions with Wind Turbines: A Summary of Existing Studies and Comparisons to Other Sources of Avian Collision Mortality in the United States. OSTI.gov. 1 August, 2001. Available from:

https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/822418/

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


European Commission. (2020). Species Protected under the Habitats Directive. Available from:

https://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/conservation/species/habitats_dir_en.htm

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].

Ibid. (2020). The Birds Directive. Available from:

https://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/legislation/birdsdirective/index_en.htm

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Galco Steel Ltd. (2020). Sustainable Fr. Collins Park. Available from:

https://galco.ie/sustainable-fr-collins-park/

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Goodbody, W. (2020). Rosslare Europort chosen as windfarm supply base. Radio Telefís Éireann (RTE). [Online]. 12 May, 2020. Available from:

https://www.rte.ie/news/business/2020/0512/1138010-rosslare-europort-chosen-as-windfarm-supply-base/

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Goodreads.com. (2021). Authorpage, Ryan Mizzen. Available from:

https://www.goodreads.com/author/show/20852666.Ryan_Mizzen

[Accessed 5 February, 2021].


Hatch, N. (2019). Correspondence. 15 July, 2019.


Hodos, W. (2003). Minimization of Motion Smear: Reducing Avian Collisions with Wind Turbines. University of Maryland/ National Renewable Energy Laboratory. 2003. Available from:

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.487.6608&rep=rep1&type=pdf

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Holodny, E. (2016). 155 years of oil prices - in one chart. World Economics Forum. 22 December, 2016. Available from:

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/12/155-years-of-oil-prices-in-one-chart/

[Accessed 9 February, 2021.]


Hood, M. (2020). Air pollution 'pandemic' shortens lives by 3 years: study. MedicalXpress. 3 March, 2020. Available from:

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-03-world-air-pollution-pandemic.html

[Accessed 9 February, 2021.]

Hood, M. (2021). Fossil fuels pollution causes a quarter of deaths. Phys.org. 9 February, 2021. Available from:

https://phys.org/news/2021-02-fossil-fuel-pollution-deaths-globally.html

[Accessed 9 February, 2021.]


Innovision. (2021). Homepage.

Available from: https://www.innovision.ie/

[Accessed 5 March, 2021.]


Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). (2020). The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Available from:

https://www.ipcc.ch/

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].

Ibid. (2020). Summary for Policymakers of IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C approved by governments. Available from:

https://www.ipcc.ch/2018/10/08/summary-for-policymakers-of-ipcc-special-report-on-global-warming-of-1-5c-approved-by-governments/

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


International Energy Agency (IEA). (2020). Renewable power is defying the Covid crisis with record growth this year and next. 10 November, 2020. Available from:

https://www.iea.org/news/renewable-power-is-defying-the-covid-crisis-with-record-growth-this-year-and-next

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Kazilbash, S. (2020). The realities of bird and bat deaths by wind turbines. Reve. 1 October, 2020. Available from:

https://www.evwind.es/2020/10/01/the-realities-of-bird-and-bat-deaths-by-wind-turbines/77477


[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Lee, A. (2020). Fire hits BP venture's flagship floating solar plant in UK. Recharge. 17 September, 2020. Available from:

https://www.rechargenews.com/transition/fire-hits-bp-ventures-flagship-floating-solar-plant-in-uk/2-1-877293

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Lelieveld, J., Pozzer, A., Pöschl, U., Fnais, M., Haines, A., Münzel, T. (2020). Loss of life expectancy from air pollution compared to other risk factors: a worldwide perspective. Cardiovascular Research, Volume 116, Issue 11, Pages 1910–1917. 1 September, 2020. Available from:

https://doi.org/10.1093/cvr/cvaa025

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Lewis, A. (2018). The clock is ticking to save the curlew. The Irish Times. [Online]. 26 April, 2018. Available from:

https://www.irishtimes.com/news/science/the-clock-is-ticking-to-save-the-curlew-1.3470968

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Liffey Contracts Ltd. & Liffey Developments Ltd. (2020). Father Collins Park. Available from:

https://liffeycontracts.ie/father-collins-park

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


London Array Ltd. (2020). About London Array. Available from:

https://londonarray.com/

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Lynch, S. (2020). Weekend levels of air pollution were at 30-year high. Radio Telefís Éireann (RTE). [Online]. 1 December, 2020. Available from:

https://www.rte.ie/news/ireland/2020/1201/1181748-air-pollution/

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Macrebur. (2020). Homepage. Available from:

https://www.macrebur.com/

[Accessed 5 March, 2021.]


Mark. (2017). Wind Turbine Rope Access HD. 4 Jun 2017. Available from:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u2Gbl3Pdb9I

[Accessed 5 March, 2021.]


Martin, C. (2020). Wind Turbine Blades Can’t Be Recycled, So They’re Piling Up in Landfills. Bloomberg. 5 February, 2020. Available from:

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2020-02-05/wind-turbine-blades-can-t-be-recycled-so-they-re-piling-up-in-landfills

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Marques, A.T., Batalha, H., Rodrigues, S., Costa, H., Pereira, M.J.R., Fonseca, C., Mascarenhas, M., Bernardino, J. (2014). Understanding bird collisions at wind farms: An updated review on the causes and possible mitigation strategies. 31.5, 32.2. Biological Conservation. 2014. Available from:

https://docs.wind-watch.org/marques2014.pdf

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


May, R., Nygård, T., Falkdalen, U., Åström, J., Hamre, Ø., Stokke, B.G. (2020). Paint it black: Efficacy of increased wind‐turbine rotor blade visibility to reduce avian fatalities. Ecol Evol. 2020; 10: 8927– 8935. Available from:

https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6592

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


McMahon, P. (2018). ESB to cut jobs at coal-fired Moneypoint power plant in Clare. The Irish Times. [Online]. 8 July, 2018. Available from:

https://www.irishtimes.com/business/energy-and-resources/esb-to-cut-jobs-at-coal-fired-moneypoint-power-plant-in-clare-1.3950579

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Mullooly, C. (2020). Shannonbridge turbines to turn for final time as production ceases. Radio Telefís Éireann (RTE). [Online]. 11 December, 2020. Available from:

https://www.rte.ie/news/leinster/2020/1211/1183833-shannonbridge-power-station/

[Accessed 5 March, 2021.]


National Parks and Wildlife Service. (2020). Protected sites in Ireland. Available from:

https://www.npws.ie/protected-sites/

[Accessed 5 March, 2021.]


O’Beara, C. Eur Ing. In person, c.1980.


O’Doherty, C. (2019). Trouble on the horizon as new breed of wind turbines looms large. Irish Independent. [Online]. 1 October, 2019. Available from:

https://www.independent.ie/news/environment/trouble-on-the-horizon-as-new-breed-of-wind-turbines-looms-large-38550166.html

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Offshore Wind Biz. (2017). World’s first offshore wind farm disappears from horizon. 6 September, 2017. Available from:

https://www.offshorewind.biz/2017/09/06/worlds-first-offshore-wind-farm-disappears-from-horizon-video/

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Orsted. (2017). The world's first offshore wind farm is retiring. 15 March, 2017. Available from:

https://orsted.com/en/media/newsroom/news/2017/03/the-worlds-first-offshore-wind-farm-is-retiring

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Re-Wind. (2018). Homepage. Available from:

https://www.re-wind.info/

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Radio Telefís Éireann (RTE). (2020). Sydney, Australia records hottest November night on record. [Online]. 29 November, 2020. Available from:

https://www.rte.ie/news/world/2020/1129/1181198-sydney-heat-record/

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


RWE. (2021). Homepage. Available from:

https://www.group.rwe/en

[Accessed 5 March, 2021.]


RWE & Saorgus Energy Ltd. (2020). About Dublin Array. Available from:

www.dublinarray.com

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Saorgus Energy Ltd. (n.d.). Homepage. Available from:

http://www.saorgus.com/

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Schindler, K. (2020). Compliance filing. Docket No. IP-6903/WS-18-179. Minnesota Public Utilities Commission. 29 April, 2020. Available from:

https://www.edockets.state.mn.us/EFiling/edockets/searchDocuments.do?method=showPoup&documentId=%7bB057C671-0000-C61A-845E-25E4D13C3173%7d&documentTitle=20204-162626-01

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Shortt, R. (2021). Why windfarm plans are ruffling feathers. Radio Telefís Éireann (RTE). [Online]. 5 March, 2021. Available from:

https://www.rte.ie/news/analysis-and-comment/2021/0304/1200849-irelands-power-revolution/

[Accessed 5 March, 2021.]


Sisk, A.R. (2020). Wind farms weigh in on technology to ease blinking red lights at night. Bismarck Tribune cited in National Wind Watch. 12 December, 2020. Available from:

https://www.wind-watch.org/news/2020/12/12/wind-farms-weigh-in-on-technology-to-ease-blinking-red-lights-at-night/

[Accessed 5 March, 2021.]


Storyful Rights Management. (2016). Truck Driver Towing Massive Wind Turbine Expertly Navigates Tiny Irish Town. Available from:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u9pDFjAzNq4

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


The Civil Engineer.com. (2017). The giant floating solar farm on the outskirts of London has completed one year of operation. 19 June, 2017. Available from:

https://www.thecivilengineer.org/news-center/latest-news/item/1325-the-giant-floating-solar-farm-on-the-outskirts-of-london-has-completed-one-year-of-operation

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Tomé, R., Canário, F., Leitão, A., Pires, N., Repas, M. (2017). Radar Assisted Shutdown on Demand Ensures Zero Soaring Bird Mortality at a Wind Farm Located in a Migratory Flyway. In Wind Energy and Wildlife Interactions (pp. 119-133): Springer. Available from:

https://tethys.pnnl.gov/publications/radar-assisted-shutdown-demand-ensures-zero-soaring-bird-mortality-wind-farm-located

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].


Wilson, M., Fernández-Bellon, D., Irwin, S., O’Halloran, J. (2015). Windharrier. School of Biological, Earth & Environmental Sciences, University College Cork, January 2015. Available from:

https://www.ucc.ie/en/media/research/planforbio/forestecology/WINDHARRIERFinalProjectReport.pdf

[Accessed 8 December, 2020].



Photographs

O’Beara, C.

London Docks, 2015.

Raheny, Dublin, 2019.

Fr. Collins Park, Dublin, 2020, 2021.


Graphs

O’Beara, C.

Drawn from above sources.

Google Books N-Gram Viewer.

Google Maps.


44 views0 comments

Recent Posts

See All